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Basic of Income tax return

What is Income Tax Rebate? Types, Eligibility of Tax Rebate

What is income tax rebate? When an individual pays beyond their tax liability, they receive a refund on the surplus amount, commonly known as a tax rebate. This extra money is reimbursed after the fiscal year.

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What is Income Tax Rebate? Types, Eligibility & Calculation of Tax Rebate

What is income tax rebate? When an individual pays beyond their tax liability, they receive a refund on the surplus amount, commonly known as a tax rebate. This extra money is reimbursed after the fiscal year. 

Think of income tax rebates as a legitimate approach, much like a practical solution that allows you to decrease your direct tax responsibilities without engaging in any questionable tactics. These rebates typically relate to substantial life transactions or long-term investments.

What is Income Tax Rebate?

An income tax rebate is comparable to a reimbursement you receive when the taxes you've paid exceed your actual liability. For instance, if your tax obligation is Rs. 20,000, but the bank has already remitted Rs. 30,000 to the government on your behalf, you qualify for a tax rebate in this scenario.

In simpler terms, at the end of each financial year, if the taxes you owe are less than what you paid, you'll get a refund. To claim this refund, you need to file an Income Tax Rebate within a specific period.

Thankfully, the Indian Income Tax Act offers various options to save a significant portion of your income from taxes. By utilizing the available tax rebates, you can reduce your annual direct tax bill. The only condition is that you must consistently file your income tax return.

Since tax rates in India increase as your income goes up, claiming income tax rebates can lead to savings ranging from Rs 12,500 to Rs 1.25 lakhs, depending on your tax rate. Most transactions eligible for tax rebates are related to long-term investments, securing your family's financial future during emergencies, or covering essential education or home expenses.

Understanding Various Tax Rebates in India

In India, the Income Tax Act offers several types of tax rebates. These rebates, found under sections 80C, 80D, and beyond, cover various aspects of investments, expenses, specific transactions, and income. Let's explore a few key rebates:

Income tax rebates come in various forms, providing taxpayers with opportunities to reduce their tax liability. Here are some common types of income tax rebates:

Income tax rebates come in various forms, providing taxpayers with opportunities to reduce their tax liability. One common type is the Section 87A Rebate, and it applies when the gross taxable income is under the limit of Rs 5 lakhs. This can offer a maximum rebate of up to Rs 12,500. 

A noteworthy deduction is the Education Loan Interest Rebate outlined in Section 80E, crafted for the interest paid on education loans, featuring no upper limit on the deduction amount. 

Savings Bank Interest Rebate, outlined in Section 80TTA, provides a deduction for interest earned on savings account deposits, with a maximum limit of Rs 10,000. Capital Gains Rebates, falling under Sections 54 and 54EC, cater to capital gains on property sales and investments in specified bonds, respectively.

Home Loan Interest Rebate, governed by Section 24B, allows for a deduction on interest payments for home loans, with a maximum limit of Rs 2 lakhs for self-occupied properties. 

Moreover, (HRA) Exemption, as per Section 10(13A), provides relief for HRA provided by employers, with exemptions depending on the actual HRA received, rent paid over 10% of salary, or specific percentages in different cities.

For all Indian citizens, timely payment of income tax is crucial to avoid penalties and legal consequences. Consider exploring tax-saving plans with Canara HSBC Life Insurance for additional options.

Conditions For Tax Rebates in India

To claim an income tax rebate in India, the essential step is filing an Income Tax Return (ITR) by the end of the fiscal year. 

1. If your gross income is below 5 Lakhs, filing an ITR can still prove beneficial.

2. For those with a gross income exceeding 5 Lakhs, utilizing tax deduction provisions like Section 80C, Section 80D, 80CCD, etc., becomes necessary to reduce taxable income.

3. Importantly, individuals with a gross income of up to 5 Lakhs are eligible for a full tax rebate.

How to Calculate Income Tax Rebate?

Calculating your gross taxable income involves summing up all income sources and considering applicable deductions. Let’s understand it with two examples:

According to the Income Tax Act 1961, if your gross taxable income is below Rs 5 lakhs per annum, you can claim a tax rebate under section 87A. This rebate, up to Rs 12,500, is accessible through tax SOP.

Conversely, if your annual income surpasses Rs 5 Lakhs, you will be taxed based on the slab rate, and no rebate under section 87A applies. If you have paid your taxes over the actual limit, A refund might be possible. Additionally, deductions provided by sections 80C, 80D, etc., can be considered.

To better grasp the rebate calculation in both situations, let's examine the income of Amit and Anil.

Particulars

Amit 

Anil

Salary Per Year

6 lakhs

10 Lakhs

Deductions Claimed

1 lakhs

1.5 Lakhs

Gross Taxable Income

Rs. 5 lakhs

Rs. 8.5 Lakhs

Income Tax Slab

Rs. 2.5 Lakhs - 5 Lakhs

Rs. 5 Lakhs- 10 Lakhs 

Tax Implication

Rs. 12, 500

Rs. 82,500

Eligible For Rebate u/s 87A 

Yes

No

Rebate 

Rs. 12,500

-

4% Higher Education Cess

-

Rs. 3300

Total Tax Liability

Rs. 0

Rs. 85,800

Note: Tax rebate under Section 87A of the Income Tax Act, 1961, is a benefit for individuals whose taxable income is less than Rs. 5 lakh in the Financial Year 2022-23. This rebate, capped at a maximum of Rs. 12,500, is applicable in both the old and new tax regimes. It is worth noting that all types of income qualify for this rebate.

For example, individuals with long-term capital gains from equity shares, equity mutual funds, and similar sources are ineligible for this tax rebate. Similarly, incomes earned from VDA, gambling, lotteries, betting, do not qualify for the tax rebate.

Understanding the limitations and eligibility criteria associated with Section 87A helps taxpayers make informed decisions about their potential tax benefits.


Also Read: Diwali Season Is On: Is There a Tax Obligation on Received Gifts

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Krishna Gopal Varshney

An editor at Myitronlinenews
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Krishna Gopal Varshney, Founder & CEO of Myitronline Global Services Private Limited at Delhi. A dedicated and tireless Expert Service Provider for the clients seeking tax filing assistance and all other essential requirements associated with Business/Professional establishment. Connect to us and let us give the Best Support to make you a Success. Visit our website for latest Business News and IT Updates.


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