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Educational Institution is Eligible for Exemption u/s 10(23C) (iiiab) of Income Tax Act

The Income Tax Act of India provides certain exemptions and benefits for various entities, including educational institutions. According to section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act, educational institutions meeting specific criteria are eligible for exemption from income tax.


Educational Institution is Eligible for Exemption u/s 10(23C) (iiiab) of Income Tax Act: ITAT

The Income Tax Act of India provides certain exemptions and benefits for various entities, including educational institutions. According to section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act, educational institutions meeting specific criteria are eligible for exemption from income tax.

The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) has upheld and clarified the eligibility of educational institutions for exemption under section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act. This provision applies to educational institutions that fulfill certain conditions laid out by the Income Tax Department. 

Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT)

The Income Tax Appellate Tribunal (ITAT) is a quasi-judicial body in India that specializes in hearing appeals related to income tax matters. It is an independent and autonomous statutory body established under the Income Tax Act, of 1961. 

The ITAT plays a crucial role in the resolution of tax disputes between taxpayers and the Income Tax Department. The primary objective of the ITAT is to provide an impartial and independent forum for taxpayers to appeal against tax assessment orders, penalty orders, and other decisions made by the tax authorities. 

It ensures that taxpayers have an opportunity to present their case and receive a fair and just determination of their tax liabilities.

What is Section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act 

Section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act is a provision that provides an exemption from income tax to certain eligible educational institutions in India. This section outlines the specific conditions and criteria that educational institutions must meet to qualify for this exemption. 

Conditions specified under section 10(23C)(iiiab) for eligibility

Non-profit Nature: The institution should operate on a non-profit basis, which means its primary objective should be education rather than making a profit for the benefit of any individual or group of individuals.

Approval or Notification: The institution must be approved or notified by the appropriate authority as an educational institution. This approval or notification ensures that the institution meets the necessary standards and criteria set by the government.

Existence for Educational Purposes: The institution should exist solely for educational purposes. This means its primary activity should be imparting education and promoting learning and knowledge dissemination.

Application of Income: The income generated by the educational institution should be utilized solely for educational purposes. It should not be diverted for any other purposes or distributed among the members or stakeholders. The institution should demonstrate that its income is genuinely utilized for the development and improvement of education-related activities

Note: It is important for educational institutions to follow all the prescribed conditions and maintain the necessary documentation and records to demonstrate their eligibility for this exemption. 

Exemptions available for an Educational Institution u/s 10(23C) of the Income Tax Act

Section 10(23C) of the Income Tax Act provides various exemptions for eligible educational institutions in India. These exemptions are designed to promote and support the growth of the education sector. Here are some exemptions available under Section 10(23C) for educational institutions:

Section 10(23C)(iii): 

Exemption for Educational Institutions: This provision grants a general exemption to educational institutions that are wholly or substantially financed by the government. It includes institutions such as universities, colleges, schools, or other educational establishments recognized by the government.

Section 10(23C)(iiiad): 

Exemption for Institutions for Development of Khadi and Village Industries: This exemption applies to institutions engaged in the promotion and development of Khadi and village industries. Such institutions may include educational organizations or boards working towards the upliftment of rural artisans and industries.

Section 10(23C)(iiiae): 

Exemption for Educational Institutions Providing Medical Education: This provision grants exemption to educational institutions that exclusively provide medical education and are approved by the Medical Council of India (MCI) or any other competent authority.

Section 10(23C)(iiiaf): 

Exemption for Educational Institutions Providing Technical Education: This exemption is applicable to educational institutions exclusively providing technical education courses approved by the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) or any other competent authority.

Section 10(23C)(vi): 

Exemption for University or Other Educational Institutions Existing Solely for Educational Purposes: This provision grants exemption to universities or other educational institutions that exist solely for educational purposes and do not operate with the intention of earning a profit.

Benefits of Exemption under Section 10(23C)(iiiab)

Exemption under Section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act offers several benefits to eligible educational institutions. Let's explore the advantages of this exemption:

  • The primary benefit is that educational institutions qualifying under this provision are exempted from paying income tax on their generated income. This provides significant financial relief, allowing institutions to allocate their resources more effectively toward educational development and student welfare.
  • With the income tax exemption, educational institutions can utilize their funds more efficiently. They can allocate a larger portion of their income towards enhancing educational infrastructure, upgrading facilities, investing in research and development, and improving the overall quality of education they provide.
  • Income tax exemption helps in ensuring the financial sustainability of educational institutions. By reducing the tax burden, institutions can maintain a healthier financial position, which enables them to focus on long-term planning and investment in educational initiatives.
  • The exemption under Section 10(23C)(iiiab) incentivizes educational institutions to strive for excellence. Institutions can channel their financial resources towards hiring qualified faculty, implementing innovative teaching methodologies, and providing state-of-the-art facilities, all of which contribute to an enhanced learning environment.
  • The income tax exemption enables educational institutions to invest in research and development activities. They can establish research centers, promote collaboration with industry partners, and support innovative projects that contribute to knowledge creation and societal development.

How to claim exemptions u/s 10(23C)(iiiab)  & essential documents 

To claim exemptions under Section 10(23C)(iiiab) of the Income Tax Act, educational institutions need to follow certain procedures and provide essential documents. Here's a general overview of the procedures and documents required:

Eligibility Assessment: Educational institutions should first assess their eligibility for exemption under Section 10(23C)(iiiab) by ensuring compliance with the criteria specified in the provision. This includes verifying their non-profit status, approval or notification by the appropriate authority, existence solely for educational purposes, and application of income solely for educational activities.

Obtain Approval or Notification: If an educational institution is not already approved or notified by the appropriate authority, it should initiate the process to obtain the necessary approval or notification. This typically involves submitting an application along with supporting documents to the relevant authority, such as the education department or university grants commission.

Maintain Proper Documentation: Educational institutions must maintain proper documentation to substantiate their eligibility for exemption and to support their claims. Essential documents include

  1. Certificate of approval or notification as an educational institution.
  2. Memorandum and Articles of Association, if applicable.
  3. Audited financial statements, including income and expenditure statements, balance sheets, and cash flow statements.
  4. Records of income sources, such as fee receipts, donations, grants, etc.
  5. Documentation showing the utilization of income solely for educational purposes.
  6. Any other relevant documents supporting the educational nature and activities of the institution.

Compliance with Additional Reporting Requirements: Educational institutions may be subject to additional reporting requirements as per the guidelines issued by regulatory authorities. These requirements may include submitting annual reports, financial disclosures, utilization certificates, or any other information as requested by the Income Tax Department or other relevant authorities.

Regular Compliance Review: It is advisable for educational institutions to conduct periodic compliance reviews to ensure ongoing adherence to the eligibility criteria and documentation requirements. This helps in identifying any gaps or discrepancies and rectifying them in a timely manner.

It is important to note that the specific procedures and documents may vary based on the nature of the educational institution, local regulations, and guidance from the tax authorities. 

Note: The information provided here serves as a general guide, and it is advisable to consult with tax professionals or seek assistance from the Income Tax Department for specific advice.


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Krishna Gopal Varshney

An editor at Myitronlinenews
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Krishna Gopal Varshney, Founder & CEO of Myitronline Global Services Private Limited at Delhi. A dedicated and tireless Expert Service Provider for the clients seeking tax filing assistance and all other essential requirements associated with Business/Professional establishment. Connect to us and let us give the Best Support to make you a Success. Visit our website for latest Business News and IT Updates.

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